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#### Abstract

This is lecture 3 in the series "Introduction to the Mathematics of Climate" offered at the University of Minnesota in 2014 with the support of MCRN and The Institute for Mathematics and its Applications.

This lecture covers basics of earth's energy balance, including concepts such as the Stefan-Bolzmann Law, insolation, the Goldilocks Zone, albedo, outgoing longwave radiation, and oceanic and atmospheric circulation. Budyko's energy balance model is presented, along with an explanation of why the sine of latitude is used instead of simply latitude.

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University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Mathematics